Seven World Trade Center officially opens its doors May 23 after an efficient two years of design and construction. Seven is a stunning piece of work. Just as important, its the first tangible evidence that lower Manhattan will triumph over 9/11, both architecturally and economically. Who built Seven? Not Governor Pataki or Mayor Bloomberg, but private-sector developer Larry Silverstein, who completed the 52-story tower while the pols dithered over 16 still-scarred acres across the street.
Silverstein could build Seven so quicklyreplacing the office building of the same name he owned before 9/11because its adjacent to the World Trade Center site, not part of it. Thus, Silversteins lease with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the bistate entity that owns Ground Zero, doesnt govern the site. Free from the government direction that has overseen Ground Zero redevelopment, Silverstein did what he does best: he built.
Private-sector developer Larry Silverstein quickly built Seven World Trade Center (right) to replace the tower of the same name destroyed on 9/11, even as state and local politicians have delayed demolishing the damaged and toxic Deutsche Bank tower that continues to blight lower Manhattan (left).
In doing so, he proved, as if it needed proving, that private-sector ingenuity can solve difficult problems: Silverstein had to build Seven World Trade Center around a new Con Ed substation, to replace one destroyed on 9/11. Naysayers said that Seven would therefore be a windowless box at street level, unfriendly to pedestrians. Undeterred, Silversteins architect, David Childs, encased the bulky substation in an elegant stainless-steel shell that complements the glass skyscraper above, and he covered it with a delicate light show that will draw pedestrians glance. It works.
Silverstein built Seven on spec, with no prospective tenants except himself. Lenders ran the risk that his optimism about downtown wouldnt pan out. (While the Liberty Bonds that Congress authorized to speed lower Manhattans recovery provided most of Sevens financing, the government doesnt guarantee those bonds; theyre merely tax-exempt.) The critics gave plenty of reasons why Silversteins optimism was foolish. Nobody wants to work downtown anymore, they said; post-9/11, nobody will go up in the sky in a building called the World Trade Center.
But guess what? Silverstein has found tenants for Sevens top five floors. Theyll occupy 20 percent of the tower, paying $50 per square foot, the highest rate downtown.
Seven World Trade Center does have drawbacks. The building boasts spectacular viewsviews that disappeared after 9/11 until today. But one is of Fiterman Hall, a City University building that burning debris half destroyed on 9/11. The city and state have allowed Fiterman Hall to fester. Every time it rains, mold further contaminates the building.
Another view is of the old Deutsche Bank tower, also contaminated on 9/11. The state is responsible for razing it, but it still stands. A third view is of Ground Zero. But looking straight down at Ground Zero from the top floor of Seven, its possible to view it not just as a sad reminder of New Yorks political incompetence in rebuilding from 9/11 but as a construction site and the anchor of a twenty-first-century neighborhood.
From Sevens top floor, one can see all of downtowns real estateand much of it is old. Besides Seven, the World Financial Center provides much of lower Manhattans modern office space. But when the rest of the new World Trade Center towers finally rise, the WFC will be 35 years old. Meanwhile, many of downtowns office buildings are fast becoming obsolete for office space; owners are converting them into condos.
Its good that downtown is no longer just a business district. But its bad for New Yorks growth if new office towers dont replace the ones disappearing from the market.
From the top floors of Seven World Trade Center, a visitor can see that a company wanting to locate in lower Manhattan has few other options in terms of modern office space. Without new towers to replace the World Trade Center, tenants priced out of Midtown might choose New Jersey, costing New York jobs.
Other than Seven World Trade Center, tenants forced out of obsolescent space downtown have three choices: high-priced midtown, the World Financial Center (far from transportation), and New Jersey. Once Ground Zeros four modern office towers are completed, theyll have another choice: midtown-style towers close to transportation.
By finishing Seven, Silverstein has replaced with hope the dread that infused lower Manhattan after 9/11. Yet pols and the press condemn himbecause hes in the private, not the public, sector.
When negotiations over a revised lease at Ground Zero broke down temporarily in March, Port Authority chief Charles Gargano called Silverstein greedy. Pataki said Silverstein had betrayed the public trust. The New York Times published an editorial called Greed vs. Good at Ground Zero, castigating Silverstein for failing to think beyond the . . . bottom line here.
Silverstein quickly built Seven World Trade Center on private land even as politicians argued for years over what to build at the adjacent World Trade Center Site, which is owned by the Port Authority.
Gargano and Pataki should be ashamed of their slander of Silverstein, who has been nothing but patient as they and Mayor Bloomberg have turned Ground Zero into a political swamp. As for the Times: of course Silverstein must think of the bottom line. If he doesnt earn money, he cant build more buildings like Seven. Thats how the private sector works. The Times fails to explain why it is bad for New York that Silverstein actually wants what goes up at Ground Zero to succeed.
When the critics arent condemning Silverstein, theyre deriding his optimism downtown. But they should remember: when the new World Trade Center is finished, nearly 20 years will have elapsed since 9/11. Manhattans workforce is an army of young people. To workers in their twenties and thirties in 2020 and beyond, 9/11 will be something that happened in childhoodor in history. The remote horrors of 9/11 will take a backseat to spectacular views.
Its past time for pols who use 9/11 to increase their power over the citys private-sector future to get out of the way, so that this future can take shape.