To the editor:
I read with great puzzlement Heather Mac Donalds characterization of me as a tenured white basher [Heralds of a Brighter Black Future, Spring 2005]. Can you supply proofnot of my tenure, but of my white bashing?
Michael Eric Dyson
University of Pennsylvania
Heather Mac Donald responds:
Im amused to read of Professor Dysons puzzlement at being called a white basher. He has made an entire career out of promoting the idea that blacks must constantly battle the malevolent consequences of white supremacy. Whites, according to Dyson, harm blacks by their biased assumptions about what we cannot do. Think. Imagine. Compete. Sacrifice. Learn. Work. Even as the white power structure keeps inviting him into its inner sanctums, Dyson is convinced that he is being treated as a despised nigga. When this self-described knife-toting gang member and teenage welfare dad was kicked out of prep school, it was because of racism (yet that racist prep school had admitted him in the first place).
Again, mysteriously, the white power structure invited him into another elite sanctumPrincetononly to disrespect him: White administrators tried to make me question my talent.
Given the psychic wounds that Dyson claims our racist, classist society inflicts on black males, its amazing that he has kept himself together long enough to earn such perks as an Avalon Foundation professorship at the University of Pennsylvania. Just think how richly rewarded he would be in a non-racist society!
To the editor:
Brian Andersons article about blogs vs. the old media is excellent [In with the New, Spring 2005]. The difference, I think, is even greater than he describes.
The old 6:30 news format gave us a mere 22 minutes of newswhich would include celebrity footage and a human-interest story that might or might not have cast some light on a public issue.
Blog readers, on the other hand, can avoid the celebrity trial du jour, can pick their own human-interest stories, and can read for themselves many times what the remainder of the old medias 22 minutes would provide. In half an hour, you can get six articles about Iraq, an article painstakingly analyzing the reporting on Iraq, a website featuring letters from the troops, and ferociously competent military analysis. Walter Cronkiteeven if he had wanted tocouldnt have delivered that much information on Vietnam in a week.
There is just no comparison.
To the editor:
Theodore Dalrymples The Roads to Serfdom [Spring 2005] was excellent. I have visited England three times in the past three or four years and this is exactly what I sawespecially on the BBC. Every problem reported on, no matter how insignificant, had a government official promising to fix it. No mention of private property rights at all.
To the editor:
I love nuclear power, but we have to accept and deal with the radioactive mess it creates. In Why the U.S. Needs More Nuclear Power [Winter 2005], Peter Huber and Mark Mills concentrate on commercial nuclear power, but we must include defense nuclear waste (enough to fill five mountains) when calculating the total waste we have to contend with. Yes, spent fuel rods from commercial reactors will go in one deep, permanent storage site. And yes, thats a lot less waste than the coal slag weve generated in the last 50 yearsbut coal slag doesnt need armed escorts in transport, nor does it require 11 national sacrifice zones to store.
It would be nice if Huber and Millss assertion that repositories protect for millions of years were true. But computer extrapolations of lab data predict that storage canisters in rock disintegrate in 10,000 years. Thereafter, the rock is on its own to prevent escape of radioactive pollutants. And all rocks are cracked: Yucca Mountain has 39 fault-line fissures. Its doubtful that any other rock would be much better.
We arent going to solve the problem by ignoring it.
Edgecombe Community College
To the editor:
Nuclear power is cheap because it is heavily subsidized. Its clean because you glibly ignore the waste problem. Its safe because everything is safe right up until it blows.
You create the premise that nothing can be done about demand, but efficiency gains can slash electricity demand to a point where expanded wind and solar power can supply mod- ern society.
Peter Huber & Mark Mills respond:
Mr. Bourgoins comments are typical of what too often substitutes for serious discussion of nuclear waste. Compared with all other practical forms of energy, spent nuclear fuel is unique in that it occupies such tiny volumes, and is so easy to transport, store, monitor, and manage. The solid, glass-like material is inherently stable, and when it is placed in a suitable repository, no plausible physical mechanism can migrate and disperse it in the environment for hundreds of thousands of yearsby which time it will present less risk than other naturally occurring radioactive sources.
Mr. Gloor is correct: nuclear energy has indeed been subsidized. So have all other fuels and energy-capturing technologies. The subsidies roughly track the total amount of usable, affordable energy supplied at the end of the line. Renewables have received little support in absolute terms because they contribute so little. But per unit of useful energy actually supplied, renewables are more heavily subsidized than more practical and productive options.
On the demand side, the U.S. economy has doubled in overall energy efficiency since 1950, but total energy consumption has tripled. The great British economist Stanley Jevons exposed this paradox in 1865, and all experience since confirms that he was right: over the long term, better energy-transforming technologies dont lower demand for raw fuel; they raise it.