and so much of the solution may be in a shift in attitude and how to achieve this is surely to encourage open lines of communication, shared stories. where one has overcome another may be be inspired. i speak from my own experience, ignorance may be bliss but also fatal.
The title is unreasonable, reflecting a deep confusion of the write. There's no such best way and there are NO ways to dramatically reduce global poverty. Such alleviation programs bring little use because they cannot address the inherent problems of every society. Poverty can take many forms in the modern era. It's an endless process! No country can end poverty by any means. Improvement is still a big question. Have we reduced poverty or just changed it to a new form? Economics is not a miracle and economists are not saints. They also have to deal with their own "poverty".